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Florida’s Personal Injury Statute of Limitations

Injury

2 minute read

Introduction

Florida Statute of Limitations 

The statute of limitations is four years for personal injury claims in Florida. This means that the lawsuit must be commenced within four years, not that the lawsuit has to be completed within four years. [1] The formal commencement of a lawsuit occurs when a formal complaint is filed through, what is typically an e-filing system, in the proper venue that is required to commence the lawsuit.[2]

Personal Injury 

Under Florida State Statute §95.11(3)(a), it states that the lawsuit must be filed: “(3) within four years . . . (a) An action founded on negligence.”[3] Thus, if you have been in a form of an accident, such as a car accident or a slip and fall, that requires the main claim of the complaint to be based on the negligence of the other person or company, then you have four years before the statute of limitations expires.

Wrongful Death 

           Under Florida State Statute §95.11(4)(d), wrongful death claims must be commenced within two years. This means that if the central claim of a complaint is wrongful death, then it should be commenced within two years of the wrongful death against the person or company that caused it.[4]

Medical Malpractice

           Under Florida State Statute §95.11(4)(b), the statute of limitations for medical malpractice is only two years with some exceptions.

Additionally, any action concerning healthcare and healthcare providers, which are people in privity with a provider of healthcare, are also covered in this medical malpractice statute of limitations if there is fraud, concealment, or intentional misrepresentation. This exception allows the statute of limitations to be extended forward two years from the time that the injury is discovered, known as the discovery rule here in the state of Florida. It does not apply to actions for which ss. 766.301-766.316 provide the exclusive remedy.[6]

Construction Injuries

Under Florida State Statute § 95.11(3)(e)), “Actions other than for recovery of real property shall be commenced as follows: … (3) Within four years: … (e) An action for injury to a person founded on the design, manufacture, distribution, or sale of personal property that is not permanently incorporated in an improvement to real property, including fixtures. … (p) Any action not specifically provided for in these statutes.”[7]

Products Liability Discovery Rule in Florida

According to case law, Carter v. Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp., 778 So. 2d. 932, 936 (Fl. 2000), the discovery rule in the state of Florida permits for a period of four years from the “time of the fact that gave rise to the cause of the action were discovered by the claimant or should have been discovered by the claimant with the exercise of due diligence.”[8]

Here at the Orlando Accident Attorney, if you have questions about your statute of limitation on a personal injury claim please give us a call 407-706-3909.

  [1] Fla. Stat. Ann. § 95.11

[2] Fla. Stat. Ann. § 95.11

[3] https://www.flsenate.gov/laws/statutes/2011/95.11

[4] http://www.leg.state.fl.us/Statutes/index.cfm?App_mode=Display_Statute&Search_String=&URL=0000-0099/0095/Sections/0095.11.html

[5] http://www.leg.state.fl.us/Statutes/index.cfm?App_mode=Display_Statute&Search_String=&URL=0000-0099/0095/Sections/0095.11.html

[6] http://www.leg.state.fl.us/Statutes/index.cfm?App_mode=Display_Statute&Search_String=&URL=0000-0099/0095/Sections/0095.11.html

[7] http://www.leg.state.fl.us/Statutes/index.cfm?App_mode=Display_Statute&Search_String=&URL=0000-0099/0095/Sections/0095.11.html

[8] Carter v. Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp., 778 So. 2d. 932, 936 (Fl. 2000).